Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures brain waves to produce a signal that can be used as feedback to teach self-regulation of brain function.  This has been used with treatment of a number of clinical disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD/ADD) (Lubar, 2003), obsessive-compulsive disorder (Hammond, 2003), seizures (Sternum, 2000), and substance abuse (Burkett, Cummins, Dickson, & Skolnick, 2005; Saxby & Peniston, 1995).

In this article the discussion is centered on using this correlation of enhancing a brains neuro function to increase performance in athletes.  Many competitive athletes would benefit from an increase in brain activity such as improving attention/concentration, imagery, arousal level, and decreasing worry and rumination (Williams, 2006).  An increase of the alpha waves of the brain that controls emotional, cognitive and psychological aspects, studies have shown that it enhances peak performance.

Every brain is different and therefore there is not a simple automated way to provide neurofeedback.  This article discusses the necessity of a custom assessment of each athlete in relation to the sport to properly evaluate ways to enhance peak performance.